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Image of Gunnera tinctoria (Nalca / Pangue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gunnera tinctoria

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

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Species:  Gunnera tinctoria Mirb.
Family:  Gunneraceae Identification OK   
Order:  Haloragales
Chilean Name:  Nalca , Pangue
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0305
About 7 Gunnera in Chile and 2 in our data base.
About 7 Gunneraceae in Chile and 2 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Edible plant   Industrial Use   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even  -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).     Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.   In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.   In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)     The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.   Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Red, without information on the number of petals      Shrub     

Native    Very Frequent

Height: 3 m.

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Gunnera tinctoria (Nalca / Pangue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gunnera tinctoria

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Radal Siete Tasas, Chile
Altitude: 900-2200 m. 01 01, 2002

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Red, without information on the number of petals

Height: 3 m.

 

Image of Gunnera tinctoria (Nalca / Pangue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gunnera tinctoria

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.
Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.
In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.
In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)

 

Image of Gunnera tinctoria (Nalca / Pangue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gunnera tinctoria

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Edible plant
Industrial Use

 

 

 

Image of Gunnera tinctoria (Nalca / Pangue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gunnera tinctoria

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (20) of Gunnera tinctoria Mirb. available here

More species from the same Gunneraceae family in our data base:

Gunnera magellanica (Pangue enano / Palacoazir)

Gunnera tinctoria (Nalca / Pangue)

 

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