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Image of Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

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Species:  Echinopsis chiloensis (Colla) Friedrich & G.F. Rowley
Family:  Cactaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Caryophyllales
Chilean Name:  Quisco
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0414
About 10 Echinopsis in Chile and 4 in our data base.
About 164 Cactaceae in Chile and 63 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
White, 7 - 14 petals      Shrub     

Endemic    Very Frequent

Height: 8 m.

Good ornamental value (A)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is one of the most common cacti in Chile. It is a kind of trademark of the areas around the capital city, Santiago. This cactus is very easiy to propagate. In its natural habitat it is a huge plant, reaching more than 8 m.; however, do not expect rapid growth, since it will take several years until you will see the first flowers. During the first couple of years the grows is very slow, and then it will start to accelerate. Once it starts blooming, you will have beatiful, big white flowers and edible fruits. Another advanatage of this cactus is that it tolerates freezing and occasional snow fall, something only a few cacti can withstand.

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: White, 7 - 14 petals

Height: 8 m.

 

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis

V Region, Cuesta La Dormida & La Campana, Chile
Altitude: 800-1200 m. 05 27, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.
Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis

V Region, Cuesta La Dormida & La Campana, Chile
Altitude: 800-1200 m. 05 27, 2006

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

 

 

 

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Echinopsis chiloensis

V Region, Cuesta La Dormida & La Campana, Chile
Altitude: 800-1200 m. 05 27, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (1) of Echinopsis chiloensis (Colla) Friedrich & G.F. Rowley available here

More species from the same Cactaceae family in our data base:

Austrocactus philippii (Hiberno)

Austrocactus spiniflorus (Espinifloro)

Browningia candelaris (Candelabro / Cardón / Browningia)

Cactaceae sp. #1788 (cactus, artificila)

Copiapoa calderana ssp. calderana

Copiapoa cinerascens

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. columna-alba

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. haseltoniana

Copiapoa coquimbana

Copiapoa dealbata

Copiapoa echinoides

Copiapoa fiedleriana

Copiapoa grandifolora ssp. grandiflora

Copiapoa humilis ssp. humilis

Copiapoa humilis

Copiapoa krainziana

Copiapoa longistaminea

Copiapoa marginata

Copiapoa serpentisculata (Cactus de la serpiente)

Corryocactus brevistylus (Guacalla)

Cumulopuntia boliviana subsp. ignescens

Cumulopuntia boliviana ssp. ignescens

Cumulopuntia sphaerica (Gatito / Puskaye / Perrito)

Cylindropuntia tunicata

Echinopsis atacamensis ssp. atacamensis

Echinopsis chiloensis ssp. littoralis (Quisco costero)

Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco)

Echinopsis deserticola

Eriosyce aurata

Eriosyce curvispina

Eriosyce curvispina ssp. curvispina

Eriosyce curvispina ssp. curvispina

Eriosyce eriosyzoides

Eriosyce heinrichiana

Eriosyce odieri

Eriosyce odieri ssp. malleolata

Eriosyce paucicostata ssp. echinus

Eriosyce paucicostata

Eriosyce rodentiophila (Sandillon de los ratones)

Eriosyce senilis (Viejito)

Eriosyce sp. #1783

Eriosyce sp.

Eriosyce subgibbosa

Eriosyce subgibbosa ssp. subgibbosa

Eriosyce taltalensis (Quisquito de Taltal)

Eriosyce taltalensis ssp. pygmaea

Eulychnia acida (Copao)

Eulychnia castanea (Copado de Philippi)

Eulychnia iquiquensis (Copao)

Haageocereus fascicularis

Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén)

Maihueniopsis archiconoidea

Maihueniopsis atacamensis

Maihueniopsis colorea

Maihueniopsis domeykoensis

Maihueniopsis glomerata

Maihueniopsis grandiflora

Miqueliopuntia miquelii (Tunilla / Tuna de Miguel)

Neowerdermannia chilensis

Opuntia ficus-indica (Tuna)

Oreocereus hempellianus (achacañao/arequipa)

Oreocereus leucotrichus (viejito/chastudo)

Tunilla chilensis

 

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If you are interested in using these photographs...