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Image of Stenandrium dulce (Hierba de la piñada). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Stenandrium dulce

VII Region, Camino a Vilches, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 11 18, 2006

 

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Species:  Stenandrium dulce (Cav.) Nees
Family:  Acanthaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Scrophulariales
Chilean Name:  Hierba de la piñada
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0518
About 1 Stenandrium in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 2 Acanthaceae in Chile and 1 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Blue, 5 petals      Perennial     

Native    Rare

Height: 5 cm.

Some ornamental value (B)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Stenandrium dulce (Hierba de la piñada). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Stenandrium dulce

VII Region, Camino a Vilches, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 11 18, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial

Flower: Blue, 5 petals

Height: 5 cm.

 

Image of Stenandrium dulce (Hierba de la piñada). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Stenandrium dulce

VII Region, Camino a Vilches, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 11 18, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Stenandrium dulce (Hierba de la piñada). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Stenandrium dulce

VII Region, Camino a Vilches, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 11 18, 2006

 

USES

Some ornamental value (B)

 

 

 

 

Image of Stenandrium dulce (Hierba de la piñada). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Stenandrium dulce

VII Region, Camino a Vilches, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 11 18, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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More photos (13) of Stenandrium dulce (Cav.) Nees available here

More species from the same Acanthaceae family in our data base:

Stenandrium dulce (Hierba de la piñada)

 

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