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Image of Gavilea araucana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gavilea araucana

VII Region, Vilches Alto, Laguna de los patos, Chile
Altitude: 900 m. 12 16, 2006

 

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Species:  Gavilea araucana (Phil.) M.N. Correa
Family:  Orchidaceae Identification doubtful, we are going to check it in the near future. Certainty 80 %.   
Order:  Orchidales
Chilean Name: 
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0676
About 12 Gavilea in Chile and 5 in our data base.
About 51 Orchidaceae in Chile and 31 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.   In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
White, 3 petals   White, 6 petals      Perennial     

Native    Not Frequent

Height: 70 cm.

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Gavilea araucana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gavilea araucana

VIII, Diguilin, Chile
Altitude: m. 12 02, 2009

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial

Flower: White, 3 petals
White, 6 petals

Height: 70 cm.

 

Image of Gavilea araucana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gavilea araucana

VII Region, Vilches Alto, Laguna de los patos, Chile
Altitude: 900 m. 12 16, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.
In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)

 

Image of Gavilea araucana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gavilea araucana

VII Region, Vilches Alto, Laguna de los patos, Chile
Altitude: 900 m. 12 16, 2006

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

 

 

 

Image of Gavilea araucana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Gavilea araucana

VII Region, Vilches Alto, Laguna de los patos, Chile
Altitude: 900 m. 12 16, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (15) of Gavilea araucana (Phil.) M.N. Correa available here

More species from the same Orchidaceae family in our data base:

Bipinnula apinnula

Bipinnula fimbriata

Bipinnula plumosa (Flor del bigote)

Brachystele unilateralis

Chloraea alpina

Chloraea bletioides

Chloraea chica

Chloraea chrysantha

Chloraea cristata

Chloraea cristata (orquidea amarilla)

Chloraea cylindrostachya

Chloraea disoides var. picta

Chloraea galeata

Chloraea galeata

Chloraea gaudichaudii (Orquidea de campo)

Chloraea grandiflora

Chloraea heteroglossa (orquidea blanca)

Chloraea incisa

Chloraea longipetala

Chloraea magellanica

Chloraea nudilabia

Chloraea sp. #2119

Chloraea viridiflora (Orquidea de flor verde)

Codonorchis lessonii

Gavilea araucana

Gavilea glandulifera (Pico de loro)

Gavilea lutea

Gavilea odoratissima

Gavilea venosa

Orchidaceae sp. #0998

 

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