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Image of Ephedra breana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Ephedra breana

II Region, Cerca de Termas de Puritama, Chile
Altitude: 3000 m. 11 29, 2007

 

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Species:  Ephedra breana Phil.
Family:  Ephedraceae Identification OK   
Order:  Gnetales
Chilean Name: 
English Name:  Sea Grape
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0718
About 5 Ephedra in Chile and 3 in our data base.
About 5 Ephedraceae in Chile and 3 in our data base.

 

Edible plant   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.   Extremely dry areas with very rare rainfall. The dry season lasts 8 - 12 months and in some years it is possible to have no rainfall at all. Rainfall less than 100 mm/year.   
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
   Shrub     

Native    Frequent

Height: 2 m.

Some ornamental value (B)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

Image of Ephedra breana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Ephedra breana

III Region, Vegas de Chañaral alto (cerca de Diego de Almagro), Chile
Altitude: 2000-3500 m. 09 22, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Height: 2 m.

 

Image of Ephedra breana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Ephedra breana

III Region, Vegas de Chañaral alto (cerca de Diego de Almagro), Chile
Altitude: 2000-3500 m. 09 22, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.
Extremely dry areas with very rare rainfall. The dry season lasts 8 - 12 months and in some years it is possible to have no rainfall at all. Rainfall less than 100 mm/year.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

Image of Ephedra breana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Ephedra breana

III Region, Vegas de Chañaral alto (cerca de Diego de Almagro), Chile
Altitude: 2000-3500 m. 09 22, 2006

 

USES

Some ornamental value (B)

 

Useful properties:

Edible plant

 

 

 

Image of Ephedra breana (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Ephedra breana

II Region, Camino hacia Paso Jama, Chile
Altitude: 2800 - 4000 m. 11 29, 2007

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (6) of Ephedra breana Phil. available here

More species from the same Ephedraceae family in our data base:

Ephedra breana

Ephedra chilensis (Pingo-pingo / Transmontana / Solupe)

Ephedra gracilis

 

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Copyright © 2005-2009 Michail Belov. All rights reserved

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