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Image of Tropaeolum majus (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Tropaeolum majus

VII Region, Duao, Chile
Altitude: 0-20 m. 07 27, 2008

 

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Species:  Tropaeolum majus L.
Family:  Tropaeolaceae Identification OK   
Order: 
Chilean Name: 
English Name:  Nasturtium
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  1086
About 24 Tropaeolum in Chile and 17 in our data base.
About 25 Tropaeolaceae in Chile and 17 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Edible plant   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Red, 5 petals   Yellow, 5 petals      Perennial     

Foreign    Not Frequent

Height:100

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Tropaeolum majus (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Tropaeolum majus

VII Region, Duao, Chile
Altitude: 0-20 m. 07 27, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial

Flower: Red, 5 petals
Yellow, 5 petals

Height:100

 

Image of Tropaeolum majus (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Tropaeolum majus

VII Region, Duao, Chile
Altitude: 0-20 m. 07 27, 2008

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.
Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Tropaeolum majus (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Tropaeolum majus

VII Region, Duao, Chile
Altitude: 0-20 m. 07 27, 2008

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Edible plant

 



 

 

This plant has many traditional applications. Its foremost use is medicinal, and it is said to have effect antibiotic and antiseptic effects, and to act as expectorant, diuretic, and emmenagogue. In this sense it is an excellent option for common cold treatment. The most common way to consume it is as infusion of leaves. The raw leaves and flowers can be used as part of salads as well.

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

Very easy to cultivate

 

 


 

 


 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More species from the same Tropaeolaceae family in our data base:

Tropaeolum azureum (Soldadillo azul / Pajarito azul)

Tropaeolum beuthii

Tropaeolum brachyceras

Tropaeolum ciliatum (Pajarito)

Tropaeolum gracile

Tropaeolum hookerianum ssp. austropurpureum (Soldadito / Pajarito / Relicario)

Tropaeolum hookerianum var. hookerianum

Tropaeolum incisum (Soldadito)

Tropaeolum leptophyllum

Tropaeolum leptophyllum

Tropaeolum majus

Tropaeolum nubigenum

Tropaeolum polyphyllum (Soldadito grande de la cordillera)

Tropaeolum sessilifolium (Soldadito de cordillera)

Tropaeolum sp.

Tropaeolum speciosum (Coralito / Quintralito / Voqui)

Tropaeolum tricolor (Soldadito rojo / Relicario)

 

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