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Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 1400-2200 m. 01 18, 2006

 

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Species:  Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Baker) Traub
Family:  Amaryllidaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Liliales
Chilean Name:  Aņaņuca de cordillera
English Name:  Evening primrose
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0016
About 26 Rhodophiala in Chile and 21 in our data base.
About 38 Amaryllidaceae in Chile and 30 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapķ, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicķ.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepciķn, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucķn.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even  -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Red, 6 petals   White, 6 petals      Perennial   Bulb Plant     

Native    Not Frequent

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is another Rhodophiala of the Central Andes of Chile - it has big flowers, pinkish or whitish in color, which can not be mistaken for any other plant. Although not very frecuent, where they grow, the density of these plants may be quite high, creating a nice speckled carpet of flowers in late spring.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion

VII Region, Paso Vergara, Chile
Altitude: 1700-2200 m. 02 27, 2007

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial
Bulb Plant

Flower: Red, 6 petals
White, 6 petals

 

This is a perennial bulbous plant of about 10 - 20 cm. The leaves are generally absent during the flourishing. The leaves are linear and 10 - 20 cm long and about 3 -4 mm wide. The plant has big, pinkish or whitish flowers with darker stripes. The flower can be as big as 10 cm in diameter and has six yellow stamens and one pinkish pistil which is quite longer than the stamens, and the flowers are solitary (this differentiates them from the other two commonly found Rhodophialas - the splenderosa, and bakeri). The seeds come in a three-parted greenish-brown capsule which contains about 20 - 40 shiny black flat round seeds of 1 cm of diameter stacked up one on the other like pages of a book. The flowers appear in December - January, generally later than other Rhodophialas, and the seeds are ripe in February-March.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion

VII Region, Paso Vergara, Chile
Altitude: 1700-2200 m. 02 27, 2007

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

This plant gows at high elevations in Central and Central-southern Chile, in Talca at about 1800 - 2200 m., in Santiago at 2800 - 3200 m., well above the tree line, prefers sunny spots, generally on sandy or rocky ground with good drainage and poororganic matter content. It needs a lot of water during its vegetative growth (in early spring), but during the flowering it can withstand dry spells of up to two months (the bulbs store nutrients and water necessary for flowering).

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion

VII Region, Paso Vergara, Chile
Altitude: 1700-2200 m. 02 27, 2007

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

 

 

 

Ornamental.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala rhodolirion

VII Region, Paso Vergara, Chile
Altitude: 1700-2200 m. 02 27, 2007

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

 

Relatively easy to cultivate

 

 

 

 

 

 

It can be easily propaged by seeds or, much more complicated, by division of bulbs. The seeds must be immersed in water for a day o two and then stratified in damp sand for three to four of weeks at 5ēC (this is absolutely required, without it thegermination will be very low"). Then, the seeds are planted in warm soil (20ēC). Do not expect flowers for at least two seasons, because the bulb needs time to develop.

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (19) of Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Baker) Traub available here

More species from the same Amaryllidaceae family in our data base:

Famatina cisandina

Famatina maulensis

Narcissus tazeta (Junco / narciso)

Narcissus tazetta subsp. italicus (Junco / narciso)

Phycella bicolor (Azucena del diablo)

Phycella ignea (Aņaņuca de fuego)

Phycella scarlatina

Placea arzae (Placea)

Placea ornata

Rhodophiala advena

Rhodophiala advena

Rhodophiala advena

Rhodophiala ananuca

Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes)

Rhodophiala araucana

Rhodophiala araucana

Rhodophiala bagnoldii (Aņaņuca amarilla)

Rhodophiala bagnoldii

Rhodophiala bakeri

Rhodophiala laeta (Aņaņuca rosada)

Rhodophiala moelleri

Rhodophiala montana (Aņaņuca de las montaņas)

Rhodophiala phycelloides (Revienta ojos)

Rhodophiala pratensis

Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera)

Rhodophiala rhodolirion

Rhodophiala sp. #1436

Rhodophiala sp. #1501

Rhodophiala sp. #1755

Rhodophiala splendens (Aņaņuca esplendorosa)

 

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Copyright Š 2005-2009 Michail Belov. All rights reserved

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