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Image of Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis trigona

IX Region, Lago Caburga (Norte), Chile
Altitude: 400 m. 03 16, 2006

 

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Species:  Berberis trigona Kunza ex Poepp. & Endl.
Family:  Berberidaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Ranunculales
Chilean Name:  Calafate , Michay
English Name:  Barberry
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0179
About 19 Berberis in Chile and 14 in our data base.
About 19 Berberidaceae in Chile and 14 in our data base.

 

Edible plant   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Yellow, 7 - 14 petals      Shrub     

Native    Frequent

Height: 2.5 m.

Good ornamental value (A)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis trigona

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Yellow, 7 - 14 petals

Height: 2.5 m.

 

Image of Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis trigona

IX Region, Camino Huerquehue - Pucon, Chile
Altitude: 800-1200 m. 02 18, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.

 

Image of Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis trigona

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

Useful properties:

Edible plant

 

 

 

Image of Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis trigona

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (8) of Berberis trigona Kunza ex Poepp. & Endl. available here

More species from the same Berberidaceae family in our data base:

Berberis actinacantha (Michay)

Berberis bidentada (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis chilensis var. chilensis (Michay)

Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis empetrifolia (Uva de la cordillera / Palo amarillo)

Berberis glomerata

Berberis horrida

Berberis ilicifolia

Berberis microphylla (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis montana (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis negeriana

Berberis rotundifolia (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis serratodentata (Michay / Berberis / Calafate)

Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay)

 

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