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Image of Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis darwinii

IX Region, Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 500 m. 03 24, 2008

 

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Species:  Berberis darwinii Hook.
Family:  Berberidaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Ranunculales
Chilean Name:  Michay , Calafate
English Name:  Barberry
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0313
About 19 Berberis in Chile and 14 in our data base.
About 19 Berberidaceae in Chile and 14 in our data base.

 

Edible plant   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.   In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Yellow, 7 - 14 petals      Shrub     

Low germination, less than 30 %   

Native    Frequent

Height: 1.5 m.

Good ornamental value (A)

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INTRODUCTION

This berberis plant, named in honor of Darwin, has the typical appearance of berberis - with its thorny leaves, thorns on the branches, yellow nice flowers, and blue edible fruits. It is relatively easy to cultivate and will reward you with a somewhat strange appearance and at the same time it will supply you with the edible fruits.

Image of Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis darwinii

IX Region, Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 500 m. 03 24, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Yellow, 7 - 14 petals

Height: 1.5 m.

 

Image of Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis darwinii

IX Region, Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 500 m. 03 24, 2008

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.
In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)

 

This plant grows at medium elevations, within the wood, often associated with Coigües (Nothofagus dombeyi) and in rather humid conditions.

Image of Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis darwinii

IX Region, Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 500 m. 03 24, 2008

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

Useful properties:

Edible plant

 

 

 

Image of Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Berberis darwinii

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Vilches, Chile
Altitude: 1220-1280 m. 10 24, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

 

Low germination, less than 30 %

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (11) of Berberis darwinii Hook. available here

More species from the same Berberidaceae family in our data base:

Berberis actinacantha (Michay)

Berberis bidentada (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis chilensis var. chilensis (Michay)

Berberis darwinii (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis empetrifolia (Uva de la cordillera / Palo amarillo)

Berberis glomerata

Berberis horrida

Berberis ilicifolia

Berberis microphylla (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis montana (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis negeriana

Berberis rotundifolia (Michay / Calafate)

Berberis serratodentata (Michay / Berberis / Calafate)

Berberis trigona (Calafate / Michay)

 

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