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Image of Calliandra chilensis (Espino rojo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Calliandra chilensis

IV Region, Cuesta Buenos Aires, Chile
Altitude: 300-400 m. 09 15, 2008

 

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Species:  Calliandra chilensis
Family:  Fabaceae Identification OK   
Order: 
Chilean Name:  Espino rojo
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  1081
About 1 Calliandra in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 311 Fabaceae in Chile and 186 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 10 and 11. The plant does not tolerate freezing.     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Extremely dry areas with very rare rainfall. The dry season lasts 8 - 12 months and in some years it is possible to have no rainfall at all. Rainfall less than 100 mm/year.   Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Red, 14 petals and more, also includes asteraceae      Shrub     

Endemic    Not Frequent

Height: 1.5 m.

Good ornamental value (A)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is a rather strange-looking low shrub with small, but numerous flowers, the purple estambres of which give it a rather airy appearance.

Image of Calliandra chilensis (Espino rojo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Calliandra chilensis

IV Region, Cuesta Buenos Aires, Chile
Altitude: 300-400 m. 09 15, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Red, 14 petals and more, also includes asteraceae

Height: 1.5 m.

 

Image of Calliandra chilensis (Espino rojo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Calliandra chilensis

IV Region, Cuesta Buenos Aires, Chile
Altitude: 300-400 m. 09 15, 2008

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Extremely dry areas with very rare rainfall. The dry season lasts 8 - 12 months and in some years it is possible to have no rainfall at all. Rainfall less than 100 mm/year.
Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Calliandra chilensis (Espino rojo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Calliandra chilensis

IV Region, Cuesta Buenos Aires, Chile
Altitude: 300-400 m. 09 15, 2008

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

 

 

 

Image of Calliandra chilensis (Espino rojo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Calliandra chilensis

IV Region, Cuesta Buenos Aires, Chile
Altitude: 300-400 m. 09 15, 2008

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 10 and 11. The plant does not tolerate freezing.

 

Relatively easy to cultivate

 

 


 


 


 

Recommended germination temperature: +14°C +18°C

 

It is not exactly a fast grower, and you can expect the first flowers to bloom in about four years. As with most fabaceae, the germination is rather easy, provided that you scarify the outer seed coat.

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (12) of Calliandra chilensis available here

More species from the same Fabaceae family in our data base:

Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo)

Acacia dealbata (Aromo (de castilla))

Acacia melanoxylon (Aromo australiano / Acacia negra)

Acacia sp. #1390

Adesmia

Adesmia parviflora

Adesmia aphyla

Adesmia arborea

Adesmia argentea

Adesmia argyrophylla

Adesmia atacamensis

Adesmia capitella

Adesmia confusa

Adesmia echinus

Adesmia emarginata (Paramela)

Adesmia eremophila

Adesmia exilis

Adesmia glomerula

Adesmia gracilis

Adesmia hysterix

Adesmia longipes (Pasto de guanaco)

Adesmia mucronata

Adesmia parvifolia

Adesmia rahmeri

Adesmia retusa

Adesmia sp. #1437

Adesmia sp. #1293

Adesmia sp. #1309

Adesmia sp. #1329

Adesmia sp. #1441

Adesmia sp. #1443

Adesmia sp. #1482

Adesmia sp. #1490

Adesmia sp. #1510

Adesmia sp. #1530

Adesmia sp. #1568

Adesmia sp. #1612

Adesmia sp. #1614

Adesmia sp. #1615

Adesmia sp. #1617

Adesmia sp. #1618

Adesmia sp. #1619

Adesmia sp. #1620

Adesmia sp. #1623

Adesmia sp. #1624

Adesmia sp. #1628

Adesmia sp. #1631

Adesmia sp. #1632

Adesmia sp. #1633

Adesmia sp. #1636

Adesmia sp. #1637

Adesmia sp. #1639

Adesmia sp. #1643

Adesmia sp. #1646

Adesmia sp. #1649

Adesmia sp. #1652

Adesmia sp. #1653

Adesmia sp. #1654

Adesmia sp. #1655

Adesmia sp. #1657

Adesmia sp. #1659

Adesmia sp. #1660

Adesmia sp. #1662

Adesmia sp. #1663

Adesmia sp. #1666

Adesmia sp. #1668

Adesmia sp. #1671

Adesmia sp. #1921

Adesmia sp. #2765 (adesmia)

Adesmia sp. #2766 (adesmia)

Adesmia sp. #2767

Adesmia sp. #1920

Adesmia sp. #1922

Adesmia sp. #1923

Adesmia sp. #1770

Adesmia sp. #1785

Adesmia sp. #1953

Adesmia sp. #2120

Adesmia sp. #2129

Adesmia sp. #2130

Adesmia sp. 1691 #1691

Adesmia spinosissima

Adesmia subterranea (Cuerno de cabra)

Albizia lopthantha

Anarthrophyllum cummingi

Anarthrophyllum desideratum

Anarthrophyllum gayanum

Astragalus

Astragalus cachinalensis

Astragalus cruckshanksii

Astragalus cruckshanksii (Hierba loca)

Astragalus curvicaulis

Astragalus looseri (Hierba loca)

Astragalus paposanus

Astragalus pehuenches

Astragalus sp. #1478

Astragalus sp. #1488

Astragalus sp. #1528

Astragalus sp. #1591

Astragalus sp. #1596

Astragalus sp. #2205

Caesalpinia angulata

Caesalpinia brevifolia (Algarobilla)

Caesalpinia spinosa (Tara)

Calliandra chilensis (Espino rojo)

Cytisus scoparius

Cytisus striatus (Retamo)

Dalea azurea

Dalea pennellii var. chilensis

Errazurizia multifoliolata (Flor de la vela)

Fabaceae sp. #1017

Fabaceae sp. #1035 (Chupapoto)

Fabaceae sp. #1248

Fabaceae sp. #1255

Fabaceae sp. #1353

Fabaceae sp. #1860

Fabaceae sp. #1863

Fabaceae sp. #1904

Fabaceae sp. #2003

Fabaceae sp. #2086

Fabaceae sp. #Z 8171

Fabaceae sp.

Galega officinalis (Galega)

Geoffroea decorticans (Chañar)

Hoffmannseggia doellii

Hoffmanseggia glauca

Lathyrus magellanicus

Lathyrus sp. #1523

Lathyrus sp. #1634

Lathyrus sp. #1661

Lathyrus sp. #2496

Lathyrus subandinus (Arvejilla de cordillera / Clarincillo)

Lotus uliginosus (Alfalfa chilota / Lotora)

Lupinus angustifolius (Lupina amargo / Lupino azul)

Lupinus arboreus (Chocho / Altramuz)

Lupinus microcarpus

Lupinus oreophilis

Medicago lupulina (Lupulina)

Medicago sativa (Alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (Trébol de color blanco)

Melilotus officinalis

Parkinsonia aculeata (Cina-cina / Parquinsonia / Espina de Jerusalem / Palo verde)

Prosopis alba var. alba (Algarrobo blanco)

Prosopis chilensis (Algarrobo)

Prosopis flexuosa

Prosopis tamarugo (Tamarugo)

Psoralea glandulosa (Culén / Cule)

Senna arnottiana (Quebracho / Alcaparra / Tara)

Senna birostris var. arequipensis

Senna brogniartii

Senna candolleana (Quebracho / Alcaparra)

Senna cumingii var. alcaparra

Senna cumingii var. cumingii

Senna cumingii var. coquimbensis

Sophora cassioides (Pelú / Mayu-monte / Pilo)

Sophora macrocarpa (Mayo)

Teline monspessulana (Retama / Lluvia de oro / Retamillo)

Trifolium angustifolium

Trifolium glomeratum (Trebol)

Trifolium repens

Trifolium sp. #1554 (Trebol rosado / Trebol morado / Trebol de prado)

Trifolium sp. #1575

Trifolium sp. #2324

Ulex europaeus (Corena / Espinillo / Yáquil)

Vicia bijuga

Vicia graminea

Vicia magnifolia (Arvejilla)

Vicia sp. #1397

Vicia sp. #1674

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Unidentified Plant #1801

Unidentified Plant sp. #2275

 

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Copyright © 2005-2009 Michail Belov. All rights reserved

If you are interested in using these photographs...